The router is a great tool for cutting out solid shapes of material. This is also known as a vector cut, because the shape is designed within the program with what is called a vector graphic. A vector graphic uses a system of points, lines, curves, shapes and polygons which are based on mathematical equations to represent images in computer graphics. Unlike pixellated images, vector graphics can be scaled up or down to any size without becoming blurry or distorted.
The cut can be as simple as a circle or as complicated as the outline of a text or a country. It can involved multiple shapes next to, inside or outside of each other. Shapes can also include strategically place drill holes. Cutting out vector shapes can also be combined with dimensional cuts.